ugur elveren's blog

clouddesignpatterns

The circuit breaker pattern stops a service from trying again to call another service when the previous attempts have failed multiple times. It's similar to electrical circuit breakers that automatically cut off the current when there's abnormal activity.

In a distributed environment, calls to remote resources may fail due to reasons such as application exceptions, timeouts, authentication issues, or overloaded systems. Usually, resilient cloud applications automatically fix these issues over time, and the calling application manages these errors using a retry pattern.

However, in some cases, these failures can persist, like when a service is down or systems are consistently overloaded. Excessive retries can create a cascading effect, overloading the same resource and impacting other resources as well. Repeated calls can impact both cost and performance.

At this stage, circuit breaker patterns come into play to address this issue. When the callee retries, it begins to assess the problem. If there's a specific error or if the error count surpasses the limit, circuit patterns activate, breaking the communication between the caller and the callee.

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The cloud is vast. Azure docs have around a hundred thousand pages, and AWS is just as big. Other cloud providers are out there too. Each gives you lots of apps, different rules, and dozens of integrations, so creating cloud-native ones has its challenges.

They're not identical, but big providers offer similar solutions. For example, Google Cloud Storage is like AWS S3 and Azure's durable function is similar to AWS step functions. Details and rules can differ, but the main idea of the tech is similar, along with the challenges.

Because problems are alike, solutions are too. We can group similar solutions and make templates for each group. Like a cooking recipe guides you to a tasty dish, these templates can be our guide to perfect solutions.

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